Beauty Center

Pedicure – Definition, Steps, Types, Benefits, and More

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Pedicure Definition

Pedicure is a cosmetic treatment of the feet and toenails, analogous to a manicure. And also, pedicures do for decorative, therapeutic purposes. They are famous throughout the world, and especially among women.

Pedicures include care not only for the toenails; dead skin cells rub off the bottom of the feet using a rough stone (often a pumice stone). Skincare is usually provided up to the knee, including granular exfoliation, moisturizing, and massage.

The word pedicure derives from the Latin words pedis, which means “of the foot”, and cura, which means “care”.

Steps to a Perfect and Professional Pedicure

1. Soak Feet

A pedicure will begin with a relaxing soak for your feet in warm water. You get a bubbling foot bath with a product added to the water to help soften the tough skin and calluses on your heels and toes and your cuticles. Plus, the soak cleans your feet, giving a fresh smell.

2. Get Rid of Polish

The technician will remove any polish you are wearing, remove each foot from the water and pat it dry.

3. Trim and File Nails

They will then file your nails with quick one-way motions from the border to the center of each nail.

4. Push Back Cuticles

Cuticle softeners are often made from oil; they should never be cut but are only pushed back with a stick.

5. Exfoliate Feet

To remove the dead crust from your feet, use various tools like pumice stone and a foot file explicitly designed for calluses.

6. Massage Feet

An ultimate exfoliating scrub is rubbed on your feet and calves to remove the last remnants of dead skin.

7. Rinse Feet

Your feet will be rinsed a final time to get the scrub off and ready your toes for the final steps.

8. Massage Feet and Calves

Massage with a special lotion or cream into your skin. You can ask for a fragrance-free version if necessary. This massage will help loosen tight muscles and all of the tiny joints in your feet.

9. Buff or Paint Nails

You are finally ready to get your toenails painted. Your technician will insert foam strips between each of your toes to keep the wet nails from rubbing each other. They may then start with a base coat, depending on the type and color of polish you selected.

You will generally get two coats of color and a final topcoat to seal in the shade, create a shiny finish and help with quick polish drying.

10. Cure Paint

You can wait around 20 minutes at the nail salon to let your polish dry on its own, or you can place your feet under a curing lamp to speed up the process. If your technician applied oil or a quick-dry coat to your nails, the drying process might only take five minutes before you can be confident that your nails will stay smear-free.

When your professional pedicure procedure is complete, your feet will feel smooth, your toenails will look trimmed and even, and your nails will either be colorful or buffed and shiny. Consider getting a basic pedicure simply as a way to care for the neglected area of your body. A spa pedicure is an excellent option before special events or as a fun outing with your friends.

Types of Pedicure

Grooming feet frequently prevent discomfort in the nails since all the elements that usually fit them are removed. In this way, the possibility of presenting pain in the area is reduced, and, incidentally, the feet are healthy.


But it must be clarified that there are several types of pedicure. Each of them fulfills a specific purpose and must be carried out by a professional in the area.

1. Basic or Normal

  • The basic pedicure is a type of cleaning of the feet in which the attention is mainly focused on removing dead skin and calluses in that area.
  • This provides the minimum care required to avoid discomfort or pain within the existing pedicure due to ingrown nails.
  • Regarding the procedure, what is done is to insert the feet in a container with warm water to soak them for a few minutes.
  • And also, the nails are then superficially cleaned, and calluses are brushed with a paddle to remove them; the polish is placed on the nails.

2. Spa

  • Many often confuse the basic pedicure with the spa. There is a clear difference between them, and that is that the spa function is to provide relaxation to the muscles of the foot with the help of hot stones and other elements.
  • It should be noted that the technique varies according to the aesthetic center. Today, many spa pedicure centers massage the area with tools other than hot stones.
  • There is also a new method known as Jelly spa, which offers more softness to the feet.
  • In any case, the important thing is to keep in mind that foot care has the same relevance as the other parts of the body. With this, future inconveniences are avoided.

3. Clinical

  • The clinical or full pedicure is a more professional category. Specialists often recommend it since it covers everything related to foot care.
  • It is the most valuable type of pedicure to maintain healthy nails and skin.
  • We must take care of our feet as much or more than we do with our hair or our skin. And also, poorly cared for feet can cause serious problems, even making it difficult for us to walk.
  • The pedicure not only serves to make our feet look beautiful with fashionable enamels, but it can also improve our health.

Why get a Pedicure?


During a typical day, our feet support several kilos of weight. Having healthy feet is essential for overall good health. To get an idea, the average of what a person walks throughout the day is about 6 km; in a lifetime, they can walk an average of 172,000 km approximately. Hence, we attach importance to the health and well-being of our feet.

When your feet hurt, bother you, or are tired, your entire body takes its toll on your ankles, knees, hips or back; In the same way, having healthy feet makes us feel much better.

Cracked Heels and Dries: Especially occurs in hot weather. Our feet are more exposed, which causes them to dry out more. If we do not take care of them, cracks will appear in the heels, which can be very annoying when walking, especially if they are intense.

The Callos: They are an excess of skin or dead cells (hyperkeratosis) that our body generates as protection against friction or constant pressure on the foot. The problem arises when the most callous part, called the nail or rooster’s eye, penetrates the skin, producing sharp and annoying pain, especially with tight shoes.

Excessive Sweating (Hyperhidrosis): It generates irritation in the feet and a bad smell. In this particular case, daily hygiene is essential. Else, it will lead to the appearance of foot fungus.

Athlete’s Foot: This a fungal infection caused by excessive sweating and moisture concentrated on the feet.

Fungus in the Nails of the Feet (onychomycosis): It is a fungus that feeds on the keratin of the nails, causing them to turn yellowish and break. If the nail not treats, it will fall off over time. We must be cautious because it is pretty contagious, not only with others but with the rest of our nails.

Incarnated Nail: It happens when the nail, during its natural growth, ends up digging into the finger. We cut our toenails badly (they must be cut straight), the use of tight shoes and all this causes inflammation and infection of the toe.

Benefits of Pedicure

The pedicure cleans the foot of dead cells and calluses during it. Special caretake with ingrown nails, nails in general, cuticles, cracked heels, and calluses. And also, it usually finishes with a revitalizing massage with cream to reactivate circulation.


Pedicure is the procedure of feet beauty, and this is available in the spa and different beauty salons. There are many kinds of a pedicure for relaxation and nails growth. And also, it’s famous for females to enhancing their feet and nails beauty.

Use different scrubs for eliminating dust on your feet. And then moisturize your feet. And mainly this process contains for relaxation purpose. After doing this, you can feel your feet looks beautiful.